Coronavirus Easy Read

What you need to know.

This page contains information to help understand Coronavirus.

Always follow official health advice.

Key Facts

Coronavirus is a virus.

A virus can make you sick or unwell.

A virus can cause an illness.

This illness was never seen before December 2019.

It was first found in a city called Wuhan in China.

The illness has passed from animals to humans.

Coronavirus can pass from human to human.


The virus causes an illness called pneumonia.

Pneumonia is an infection.

It can cause the lungs to fill with fluid.

It can also cause fever, chills and make it hard to breathe.

Pneumonia is most serious for the very young and old.

Pneumonia is dangerous for people who are already sick.

Coronavirus Symptoms


  • A fever is a high temperature.


This might lead to Pneumonia

  • Difficulty breathing

Protect Yourself

Wash your hands properly and regularly.

Clean your hands using soap or an alcohol rub.

If you cough or sneeze use a tissue, throw it away and wash your hands.

Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth.

Avoid contact with people with coughs or colds.

Wash hands if around animals.

Avoid close contact with animals that are sick.

Only eat well cooked food.

Avoid eating raw meat, dairy or animal products.

Avoid travel if you have a fever or cough.

Do not spit.

If you wear a face mask it should cover your nose and mouth.

Advice and Support

The UK government has produced official advice.

The NHS has a website about Coronavirus.

The World Health Organization has detailed guidance:

Key Numbers

  • 2% of people who catch Coronovirus die.
  • 10% of people who caught SARS passed away. SARS appears similar to Coronovirus.
  • About 400,000 people die from flu each year.
  • It is not known how dangerous Coronovirus is.

Key Numbers are based upon facts and figures published as of 31st January 2020.


When we make guides we try to bring as many sources of information together as possible.

These sources can vary in detail. We always try to fact check our work.

Information and advice around health and wellbeing can change. Do we need to update this page or make changes? Contact us here.

In creating this information we have referred to the following sources:

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